Helping your guinea pigs settle in

It’s an amazing feeling when you’ve brought your new guinea pigs home for the first time! Whilst its really exciting for us humans it can be a really scary time for guinea pigs. Follow our helpful tips for helping your guinea pigs settle in and ease their transition

Putting them in their new home

how to settle guinea pigs in their new home

Once you place your guinea pigs in their new home they will no doubt run for cover! Don’t take it personally as guinea pigs are very timid and are used to predators. You should have already set their cage or hutch up. It needs to be filled with good quality hay and your chosen bedding. Guinea pigs also need constant access to fresh water in a bowl or bottle. This is the first stage for helping your guinea pigs settle in.

They should also have hay racks filled with fresh hay and have some food out. It’s typical to think that your guinea pigs aren’t happy if they freeze or spend long periods of time hiding when they first arrive. This is normal guinea pig behaviour and it will take a few weeks or months for it to settle down.

I remember when we brought our guinea pigs home and we didn’t think they had eaten or had any water for days! It seemed like they just stayed in their hiding holes and didn’t come out.

They were actually being very clever piggies and sneaking out at night to eat, drink and have a good run about. Guinea pigs remain skittish for a while and some never lose their fleeing instinct. Occasionally our piggies still run for cover when we first approach them as it’s their natural instinct.

They pop their heads out the hiding hole and then start wheeking once they realise its only us! It’s normal for piggies to hide for the first few days or weeks. During this time spend plenty of time talking to them.

Your guinea pigs will become familiar with the sound of your voice. Also, check their cage for pellets (poo) just to ensure they are actually eating and drinking normally. If you are not sure what to feed your guinea pigs check out out Feeding page.

Let them be

Guinea pig with its face pushed up against cage bars

Whilst it’s tempting to take your guinea pigs out of their cage to feed them, hold them or even give them a quick clean out – Don’t. These first few days are really important for allowing your guinea pigs to settle in and feel safe.

It’s tempting to rush this bit since all you want to do when you bring them home is hold and fuss them so its rather disappointing not being able to (especially if they are a pet for children.)

Instead, you can attempt to feed them treats through the bars of their cage//hutch and spend time with them talking.

I have many fond memories of sitting on wet grass to chat with our guinea pigs when they were settling in. It’s acceptable to open the cage to replace and remove food but don’t be tempted to try and stroke them even if they are sticking their heads out of their safe haven.

Refrain from contact with your guinea pigs over the first few days. Any disruption now will set back their settling in time.

Confidence and trust-building

two guinea pigs eating leaves

A great way for helping your guinea pigs settle in is to build trust and confidence. It may seem like you don’t have too much interaction with your new guinea pigs in the first few days. This is actually the perfect time to build their confidence so they feel safe and ready to venture out when you’re there.

Talking to them is a really good way and especially effective when bringing them their meals. It helps them become familiar with the sound of your voice along with the sound of the food being prepared.

Make sure you are talking them in a quiet and gentle way so as not to frighten them. We always talk to ours during the settling in phase (as well as now!). It’s a good idea to talk to them whilst offering a tasty treat like a carrot through the bars. You can repeat their name as well as it helps them get used to it.

Don’t take it personally if they don’t come out to accept the tasty treat. They will still get used to your voice and associate it and you with food. Food is a great confidence builder for guinea pigs! It won’t be long until they “wheek” at you every time you open the fridge as ours do! Ours even “wheek” now when we come in from being outside as they expecting a treat. Not sure what Wheeking is? Check out our sounds section!

Give them some space

guinea pig hiding place attached to cage bars

It can be tempting to take away the guinea pigs hideaway so as to “force” them to come out and play. NEVER DO THIS! It doesn’t help them feel more confident in fact it has the opposite effect and be very damaging. Remember we are helping your guinea pigs settle in so it takes time.

The best way to build trust with your piggie is through food! The way to a guinea pigs heart is definitely through its stomach! Start by feeding them through the bars and talking to them so they know you are there.

Guinea pigs hate sudden movement since they can’t see what’s right in front of them. This is due to them having their eyes on either side of their head. It will take a lot of patience before they approach you to take some food from you. Keep trying though as they may eventually eat out of your hand if you remain still.

After this has been mastered you can attempt to move your hand slowly around their cage. This can then be built up to being able to move their toys around (nowhere they are hiding in). This is another way of them getting used to you.

The last stage is gently stroking your piggy and hoping they don’t run away. This is a fairly long process and may take up to two weeks. Remember to always approach your guinea pigs from the side, never from above.

Guinea pig Lap and playtime

Lap time should only be introduced after your guinea pig has settled in.

guinea pig eating a flower

You can read our full guide on it but we’ve broken the basics down here.

Guinea pigs should have lap time/play every single day as it’s good for them to get out and about their cage, you get some quality time with them plus it helps with bonding.

Not to mention its great for sneaking a health check and grooming session in! Lap time is when your play, stroke, talk and spend some time with your guinea pig on your lap. It’s a great idea to also feed them a little treat as well so that even the timidest/independent guinea pig will enjoy it.

Playtime is when your piggy can run free in a secure area that is easy for you to clean.  You can make a run using cardboard or buy one. There are lots of options to chose from such as this specially designed one, or this one intended for bunnies or guinea pigs!,

Playtime involves putting toys in the playpen along with hidey holes and watching your little piggies run around and explore. If you have any other pets, make sure they are out of the room.

The room used for playtime should also be free of drafts. Its a lot of fun watching the piggies play and they often do the “popcorn” which is a special move guinea pig’s do when they are happy which involves running back and forth whilst jumping in the air.  

Patience is a virtue

If you follow the tips above then your guinea pig should settle in easily and be part of the family in no time!

I’d love to hear about your guinea pigs – comment below!

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  1. Emma Kerr says:

    Hi I’ve had my piggies for about a month they’ve settled in well, they speak to me and my son they take food from our hands and crawl on us during play time.
    The problem is whenever I try to introduce lap time or pick them up they just freak out try to escape and I feel it puts all our hard work back cause then they get skittish with me again.
    Please advise what the best way is. I don’t want to keep not handing them cause then they’ll never get used to it but I don’t want my piggies to be scared of me 😪

    • Happy Guinea Pig Admin says:


      Thanks for your comment. It’s all normal behaviour. Its there nature to be scared even if its something that happen every day. Keep going and be patient – they aren’t scared of you. Our youngest piggie likes being picked up with a snuggly blanket. Maybe you could try that?

  2. Hello, I have a female guinea pig (Foxy) that has been with me for 2 weeks now. Just yesterday I decided to get her a companion (Jade) that is also a female and the same breed. (American Guinea Pigs) Whenever I go to refill Jade’s water bowl that is not to close but not to far from her hidey, she runs out REALLY FAST that it scares my other piggie, it’s confusing since i’m not sticking my hands into her hidey or anything. Foxy is very comfortable with me and let’s me hand feed her.

    • Happy Guinea Pig Admin says:

      Hi Ivory,

      Thank you for your comment. It sounds to me like Jade is still settling in and is not used to you just yet. There are quite a few things to try and it shouldn’t take long till she is used to you:
      1. Before changing the water, talk to Jade calmly. She doesn’t have to be out. Say something like “Ok Jade I’m going to change the water now” then place your hand into the cage and leave it there. Slowly change the water. Once you’ve finished, leave your hand there again. That will help her get used to you being there.
      2. Moving the water bowl and hidey-hole further apart can be useful. She’s obviously found a place in the cage that she feels safe in which is great!
      3. Try changing the water at the same time each day and leave a little treat afterwards for both your guinea pigs. Jade will then associate you changing the water with something positive (food!)

      I hope these suggestions help. Please do get back in touch if you need any other help and to let me know how you got on!

      Good Luck!

  3. Thank you so much! I’ll be sure to post any update here.

    • Happy Guinea Pig Admin says:

      Your most welcome! The most important thing to remember is you are not doing anything wrong! It’s just a guinea pigs nature to be extra cautious!

  4. Update: Hey! I’ve started letting Jade out for floor time and she’s gotten way more comfortable! She would only come out to eat at night but she’s built up courage and comes out during the day as well! I used your suggestions and she has gotten better at being less timid whenever I change or refill her water. Thanks again!

    • Happy Guinea Pig Admin says:

      Hi Ivory,

      That’s great news! I’m so glad that Jade is gaining more confidence! I’m so happy for you! I bet within a few weeks she will be eating out of your hand as Foxy does!

      If you ever have any other questions about anything you know where I am!

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